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修辭機經提醒-比較結構

修辭考了很多比較的題,主要考的是否省略,是否倒裝,和時態。

重點如下: 比較結構優先看慣用語,as….as或more/less…than搭配有無問題,另外就 是看比較對象有沒有可比性,至於要不要補出helping verb是接下來才要判 斷問題,必須瞭解比較對象是否會ambiguous,另外注意比較對像是在比名 詞還是在比時間,比名詞走省略概念,比時間走代詞概念 關於是否倒裝這點, 簡單提出兩題參考

128. (31324-!-item-!-188;#058&004419) According to a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine, aspirin prevents blood clots just as well as a commonly used and more expensive blood-thinning drug does.

(A) prevents blood clots just as well as a commonly used and more expensive blood-thinning drug does

(B) prevents blood clots just as well as does a commonly used and a more expensive blood-thinning drug

(C) prevents blood clots just as well as will a commonly used and more expensive blood-thinning drug

(D) works just as well as a commonly used and more expensive blood-thinning drug at the prevention of blood clots

(E) works just as well as does a commonly used blood-thinning drug, which is also more expensive, at preventing blood clots

以上答案A選項, 因為修飾語在drug左邊, 所以helping verb注意擺在右邊

53. (27280-!-item-!-188;#058&003467) Britain’s economic growth was slower in the mid-1970′s and its decline much more rapid in the subsequent recession than the United States.

(A) Britain’s economic growth was slower in the mid-1970′s and its decline much more rapid in the subsequent recession than the United States.

(B) The economic growth of Britain was slower in the mid-1970′s and it declined much more rapidly in the subsequent recession than the United States did.

(C) Britain’s economy, which grew more slowly in the mid-1970′s, also had declined much more rapidly in the subsequent recession than the United States did.

(D) The economy of Britain grew more slowly in the mid-1970′s and declined much more rapidly in the subsequent recession than did the economy of the United States.

(E) Britain’s economy grew more slowly in the mid-1970′s and its decline was much more rapid during the subsequent recession than the economy of the United States.

以上答案D選項, 注意修飾語在the economy 右邊, 所以helping verb擺左邊