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Home/A2@GMAT 解答/一般性名詞(實義名詞) vs 動作名詞(抽象名詞)

一般性名詞(實義名詞) vs 動作名詞(抽象名詞)

最近有同學問到平衡概念對等這個考點,通常概念對等要看句意,但是有時候我們也可以從一些簡單的方法判斷,好比說實義名詞和抽象名詞,這裏A2簡單整理相關考點如下:

➢ 一般性名詞(實義名詞) vs 動作名詞(抽象名詞)

平衡概念對等下,一般性名詞盡量與一般性名詞平衡,動作名詞盡量與動作名詞平衡

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Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels, ponds, and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator, and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

A. their annual migrations following
C. their annual migrations follow

註解: 這題會在A/C糾結,注意killer whales, their chief predator, and their annual migrations並非是三個名詞的平衡,因為一般性名詞killer whales/predator和動作名詞migrations平衡概念不對等,their chief predator是killer whales的同位語,答案C是複合句,and後面接第二個主要子句,主詞是their annual migrations,動詞是follow。

OG12-119 New theories propose that catastrophic impacts of asteroids and comets may have caused reversals in the Earth’s magnetic field, the onset of ice ages, splitting apart continents 80 million years ago, and great volcanic eruptions.

B. the splitting apart of continents
E. continents that were split apart

註解: the splitting是動作名詞,continents是一般性名詞,這裏是四個動作名詞的受詞平衡

Unlike/Like A, B +V….結構下,通常要看A/B有無可比性,通常都是一般性名詞,避免動作名詞,另外一般性名詞和動作名詞在此結構下通常可比性輸給一般性名詞對一般性名詞

OV2-32.
Like Rousseau, Tolstoi rebelled against the unnatural complexity of human relations in modern society.

(A) Like Rousseau, Tolstoi rebelled
(B) Like Rousseau, Tolstoi’s rebellion was

註解: rebellion是動詞rebel 變化而來的抽象名詞

OV2-66.
Unlike auto insurance, the frequency of claims does not affect the premiums for personal property coverage, but if the insurance company is able to prove excessive loss due to owner negligence, it may decline to renew the policy.

(A) Unlike auto insurance, the frequency of claims does not affect the premiums for personal property coverage,
(D) Unlike the premiums for auto insurance, the premiums for personal property coverage are not affected by the frequency of claims,

註解: the frequency是be frequent變化而來的抽象名詞